Things Fall Apart / Chinua Achebe

things-fall-apartThings Fall Apart is a novel that makes us think about the change and adaptive difficulties that comes with it.

The protagonist of the novel Okonkwo passes two different change phases. The first phase of change in Okonkwo’s life is his exile in his wife’s village for seven years. When somebody moves to a new place, the whole context and life conditions change. Okonkwo loses all of his power in the new village because he is just a newbie in the village in comparison to his powerful position in his old village, and he has to play with the rules of the new village. He has to adapt to the new conditions by accepting the situation, and he is good at coping with the challenges of the new village. Read more Things Fall Apart / Chinua Achebe

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A Decisive Decade / Robert B McKersie and James R Ralph Jr. Jr.

decisive-decadeThe business needs creativity, and the source of creativity is diversity in the workplace. People with different backgrounds and ethnicities are sources creativity, new ideas, and innovation.

Before civil rights movement, American work force was like a bird with a single wing and most of the white collar positions were filled by the white people. The US industry was not using the black people as part of their creative and white collar workforce before the 1960s. There were a lot of prejudices and negative generalizations about black people, and these prejudices prevented the employment of black people in white collar positions. Read more A Decisive Decade / Robert B McKersie and James R Ralph Jr. Jr.

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Gandhi / Richard Attenborough

ghandi-film-poster-2-2980Are leaders born or made? The life of Gandhi is an answer to the question. The leaders are made. The Gandhi was an ordinary lawyer at the beginning. But the incidents that he lived helped him to find his purpose of life. At the famous film of Richard Attenborough the first incident is the problem of travelling in the first class section as a colored man on a train in South Africa. When Gandhi experienced humiliation and discrimination in that train, he started to have a cause to fight.

There are many ways of fighting for a cause; violent way, democratic solutions, Byzantine games, and non-violent ways. Gandhi chose the non-violent way. Some of the sources claim that because he studied the philosophy of nonviolence, as expressed in the Bhagavad-Gita, Hindu sacred scripture, and in Jesus Christ’s Sermon on the Mount in the Christian Bible. Besides, he was small and a shy man who had no profile for a physical fight or encourage others for a physical fight. Read more Gandhi / Richard Attenborough

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The Guest / Albert Camus

the-guestThe Guest by Albert Camus is an inspiring story that makes us think about making a wise choice with a free mind. In the story Daru is an alienated teacher living in isolation on a plateau, teaching irrelevant and unnecessary French geography to Algerian students in North Africa in a war environment. This is one of the reasons of his alienation. One day he finds himself with a strange task of delivering a so-called criminal to a police station in two hours distance. By using the excuse of war, the gendarme forces teacher Daru to finish this strange task. Read more The Guest / Albert Camus

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A Doll’s House / Henrik Ibsen

a-dolls-houseHenrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House is one of the important attempts to elaborate the importance of the economic independence of women in the history of literature. Nora, the protagonist of the play and her friend Mrs. Linde are gridlocked in positions in their lives that put them to make unwilled choices. Mrs. Linde gets married to a man just because of economic reasons, and Nora fakes her father’s signature to get his money for handling the depression of her husband. The only happy and esteemed female character is Anne-Marie, who is the nanny of Nora’s children. She is the first working and economically independent woman that readers/audience meet in the play. Read more A Doll’s House / Henrik Ibsen

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In the Penal Colony / Franz Kafka

in-the-penal-colonyKafka’s story, In the Penal Colony, is an interesting metaphor for understanding the obstacles to change from an old system to a new system. In the story, the old system’s the central justice device the so-called ‘apparatus’ executes accused people by a cruel way.There is no trial and a chance of defense in the old system and the executions are based on just only accusations. Even it is clear that this system is very problematic, the officer who operates the apparatus single-mindedly adores the old system and its designer; he doesn’t have a clear view about what is really happening. The officer symbolizes the governors in society who only try to preserve the system for the sake of itself and worships to his first employer, the designer in the story. The rules, the marches, the customs, and ceremonies strengthen the old system. The repeated actions first become habits then holy unquestioned routines and ceremonies. Read more In the Penal Colony / Franz Kafka

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